Types of Birth Delivery


1. NATURAL BIRTH – Natural birth refers to a normal delivery. Sometimes, normal delivery will bring complications, and no one is safe from those. That’s why it is necessary to check you and your baby’s physical condition so that you can anticipate any possible changes in your delivery. It is also important to discuss other option with the partner early on in your pregnancy so that he can prepare for any problem that may occur in the middle of your labor. A labor that is unplanned can be a bit scary. Unexpected medical interventions may arise and induction of labor may be required. Should any complication arise, let your birth attendants (in consultation with your partner) handle the situation.
2. CAESAREAN SECTION (C-SECTION) – A surgical procedure where the baby is removed from the uterus without passing through the cervix. A cut is made from the bottom point of the navel going down vertically and a horizontal line incision along the bikini line (just above the pubic hair).
What are the possible reasons for performing a C-section?
· Baby’s head is too big for the mother’s pelvic opening, making it impossible for the baby to pass through;
· Incorrect fetus position (as in breech);
· There’s a sign of fetal distress;
· Mother’s health problems(herpes, vaginal infection, etc.); and
· Poor contraction of the cervix, umbilical cord problems; such as when the cord slips out of the birth canal before the baby comes out
Remember, though, that if the position of your baby is normal and if you are capable of having of normal delivery (that is, if there are no complications), nobody can force you to have C-section. Though the procedure involves less pain than a normal delivery, It is much more expensive. If your doctor suggests a C-section, don’t say yes immediately. Ask her why exactly it is necessary. If you and your partner agree that it will be advantageous, then go ahead and have a C-section. Most women, however, would option for it only as a last resort, that is, when normal delivery has proven unsuccessful.
3. FORCEPS DELIVERY – as C-sections gained popularity, forceps delivery declined. Forceps are only applied nowadays when the cervix of the mother has fully dilated and the baby’s head has descended into the pelvis but fails to descend any further. It is also done when there is a sign of maternal or fetal distress. Forceps (a tong-like instrument) are placed on both sides of the baby’s head, enabling the birth attendant to pull out the baby from birth canal.
4. EPISIOTOMY – A surgical cutting of the vagina opening to expedite birth and avoid tearing. After birth, the cut is immediately stitched and the wound heals within a few days.
5. VACUUM EXTRACTION – suction is applied to the baby’s head by means of a small cup attached to a pump, making it easier for the baby to pass through the birth canal.

WHAT IS PREECLAMPSIA



Preeclampsia is a condition unique to pregnancy and the first twenty-four hours after delivery. It occurs in about 7 percent of first pregnancies and is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The cause of preeclampsia is not known, but it is thought to be related to insulin resistance, obesity, a kidney disorder, or chemical imbalances. Although it begins to develop very early in pregnancy, preeclampsia usually not diagnosed until the third trimester. Hypertension, elevated hemoglobin level, increased urine protein content, nausea, stomach pain, headache, and blurred vision are signs of this disorder. Although it is difficult to predict who will develop preeclampsia, women having their first babies and underweight, poorly nourished, and heavy women are at the highest risk.

There is no cure for preeclampsia. However, women diagnosed with it may be given medications to reduce blood pressure. Healthful diets are recommended for all women with this disorder. The diet should be rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grain products. Carbohydrate-containing foods should be of the low glycemic index variety. Some health care providers give women with preeclampsia 1.5 to 2.0 grams of calcium per day. Calcium supplements may effectively reduce blood pressure and appear to have few side effects. Vitamins C and E may also be given to help prevent some of the negative consequence of preeclampsia. This disorder should not be treated by restricting weight gain, caloric intake, fluids, or salt (sodium). These intervention not only don't work, but they may be harmful to both mother and fetus.

How to Deal with Nausea and Vomiting During Early Pregnancy

Some 70 percent of women experience nausea within the first two months of pregnancy and about half experience vomiting. These symptoms generally begin within four weeks after conception and subside by nine or ten weeks. Nausea and vomiting last throughout pregnancy in 10 to 15 percent of women. Severe or prolonged nausea and vomiting are not considered normal and should be checked out by your health-care provider.

Women who experience nausea or nausea and vomiting early in pregnancy are more than 60 percent less likely to miscarry than women who do not experience either nausea or vomiting. Increasing hormone levels that are thought to prompt nausea and vomiting may be responsible for the reduced risk miscarriage.

It is preferable to "Eat through" your nausea and vomiting rather than to lose weight.

Key Nutrients for Pregnancy


Food for you and your baby
It's important to consume enough of every nutrient required during pregnancy. Certain nutrients, however, deserve a spotlight because they are most likely to be present in low amount in the diets of pregnant women.

Folic Acid, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, Calcium,
Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Antioxidants, Vitamin A - Getting enough, but not too much, Protein, EPA and DHA

Complete Baby Care Instructions for New Parents Video

Complete Baby Care teaches new mothers how to care for their baby.

How To Treat Diaper Rash Video

Treat diaper rash by applying a diaper rash cream before putting a diaper (petroleum jelly can do), giving the baby frequent baths and allowing plenty of air to reach the baby's diaper area. Prevent diaper rash by changing the diaper frequently and don't put diapers that is already used.

Common Complaint During Pregnancy

It is rare that women complete pregnancy without experiencing nausea, vomiting, leg cramps, constipation, heartburn, backaches, or other side effects. It is also rare that they aren't taken by surprise by their occurrence. The purpose of this is you help you avoid these and to present ways you can help relieve the discomfort they can cause.

Complaint During Pregnancy
  1. Nausea and vomiting
  2. Constipation
  3. Heartburn
  4. Iron deficiency anemia
  5. Gestational diabetes
  6. Preeclampsia
Because each of these conditions can become severe or may signal other problems, they should be monitored by your health-care provider and treated medically as needed.

CHANGES TO EXPECT DURING PREGNANCY

As previously mentioned, the major cause of the changes experienced by a woman during pregnancy is increased hormone production. Your body normally produces a few milligrams of hormones such as progesterone and estrogen is a day. But once you get pregnant, these hormones increase to at least 30 times more than the usual amount to support and nourish the fetus. The effect is felt in drastic changes in the breasts, skin, back and even pains in the stomach and head. Read on to know more about those physical changes.

  • BREASTSThere’s tingling sensation, tenderness and swelling. During the menstrual period, the same is experienced due to hormonal production. In pregnancy, however a more dramatic change is likely to occur because this is when your breasts start to produce milk for your baby. Your breast may have a small amount of discharge that appears like milk. It is colostrums, a pre-milk substance that’s high in protein, antibodies, and minerals. You may feel embarrassed by the leaking but it is just a minor problem that can be solved by wearing a highly absorbent bra.
  • TEETH AND GUMS Increased blood flow makes your teeth and gums sensitive, that’s why you may experience a swollen mouth and bleeding gums. Even before your pregnancy, you should have consulted your dentist for tooth extraction, cleaning, and X-ray. Having such procedures done during your pregnancy may be harmful.
  • FREQUENT URINATION – The pressure on the bladder by the uterus makes you feel like urinating all the time. Make it a habit to empty your bladder from time to time to avoid the inconvenience of getting out of bed and going to the bathroom when you should be sleeping in the middle of the night.
  • CONSTIPATION – Because of the enlarging uterus, there is downward pressure on the muscles and veins in the rectum, which results in inconvenience bowel movement. Dilation occurs and causes painful bowel movement. As mentioned, a high-fiber diet can prevent constipation because it is easy to digest. Drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day also aids in digestion.
  • FATIGUE – Unusual tiredness is always felt during pregnancy. Dizziness and laziness may also be felt. As the fetus grows, your increased body weight makes it difficult for you to do your normal activities. You can lessen the fatigue by taking enough rest, exercise, and proper food.
  • SKIN – The skin undergoes one of the most visible and common changes during pregnancy. Although some pregnant women have glowing complexions, others experience discoloration and acne, Skin on the underarms, neck, and other parts of the body become darker. Stretch marks become visible on the abdomen, back of the legs and thighs, and the skin texture changes from smooth to rough. However, the skin returns to its normal state after birth.
  • HAIR – Straight hair may become curly and vice versa. The hair of some women becomes shiny and vibrant while that of others may become coarse and dry. At other times, hair becomes thicker or thinner. Thinning hair is normal, though. It is passing phase and it doesn’t mean that you will go bald. However, during your pregnancy, it would be better to avoid dyeing or perm your hair as the chemicals used in those procedures may be harmful to you and your baby.
  • FINGERNAILS – In some pregnant women, Splitting or breaking of nails occurs. To protect your nails, wear gloves when working or apply strengthening cream and lotion until after delivery when the nails have returned to normal.
  • VAGINA – The vagina tissues changes early in pregnancy. They become more dilated in preparation for birth. During this time, the pregnant woman may lubricate more and feel a greater desire for sex. But this is not true for all women. If you experience heavy discharge, you can use a light sanitary pad. Douching is discouraged because it may harm the baby. If you discharge has a foul odor consult your gynecologist.

TOLERABLE EMOTIONAL CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY

The physical changes that occur with pregnancy will have a tremendous impact on your emotional condition. You may feel overwhelmed by your different lifestyle and the demands of starting a family. However, you can cope with these emotional changes if early on in your pregnancy, you know what to expect from motherhood. Surely there will be a lot of adjustment to make. You and your partner will bear a great responsibility not only for nine months but for the rest of your lives. That’s why the best thing to do is to gradually prepare as the birth of your baby approaches.

Here are some helpful tips:

1. COPING WITH ANXIETY - As a prospective mother, you are bound to have worries and anxieties. Fear of an unsuccessful delivery, possible abnormalities of your baby, and your own readiness as a parent may contribute to a feeling of helplessness. These feeling are normal for the most pregnant women. At the latter stage of your pregnancy, when the baby is about to be born, the level of anxiety may increase along with the level of excitement. You can reduce your anxiety simply by thinking pleasant thoughts: about how beautiful your baby will be and how you will do your best to be a good parent. Think positive; everything will be fine.

2. CHANGING YOUR IMAGE – When you were still single, you were always concerned about your looks, the image you presented to the outside world. But the experience of motherhood changes that pregnancy could make you feel insecure about your looks. Moreover you may see yourself as an unattractive complement to your partner. You may fear that you have lost your sex appeal, and that your partner is no longer interested in you. But you can overcome your physical insecurities simply by focusing on the positive things. Appreciate the fullness of your body and breasts. Believe that the opportunity to bear a child is actually a sexy thing. A lot of people will tell you that a pregnant woman is beautiful in her own way. And remember that beauty is also a state of mind: you just have to think that pregnancy is a wonderful gift. Some thing that enhances rather than diminishes your appearance.

3. CHANGING YOUR ROLE – Obviously, being a single is different from being married. Being a mother is also different from being a wife. The modern woman understands all these roles. Being a wife, mother, and career woman involves considerable demands. You’re no longer just taking care of yourself; you have a family to look after. Sometimes you’ll have to put their needs ahead of yours. But take heart because juggling several roles, although stressful, can also be fulfilling. Instead of viewing your multiple roles as a heavy burden, you can enjoy your multi-faceted life by managing your time efficiently and by enlisting the support of your partner and family. The joys of being a wife and a mother make you unique and your situation special. Of course there are problems, but you will not be facing them alone. Your husband and child are at your side. Think of all your roles as opportunities to maximize your potential as a person and to strengthen your relationship with your partner and family. The pressures of family like will serve as a test of loyalty and devotion for you and your husband. The key to a successful family life is setting realistic expectations and being tolerant of different people and situations. A shared positive outlook as well as good communication will strengthen the marital bond. Take comfort in the fact that pregnancy tends to bring couples even closer together. It is not only you who’s coping with a new role; your husband is too. Fatherhood changes a man. It inspires him, makes him more loving and understanding. This enables both of you to strengthen the foundation of your family.


Home Birth Video

This video may not be suitable for minors.